1

Agricultural new settlements in Cyrenaica, Italian Lybia
(1922-1947)

2

Zionist agricultural colonisation in
British Palestine and Israel
(1920s-1973)

3

Greek-Turkish refugee settlements
(1922-1968)

4

 Forced collectivisation of
Estonia and Latvia
(1944/5-1991)

5

Transformation of the countryside in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in Mecklenburg-Vorpommen and Brandenburg
(1945-1989)

6

Salazar’s colonisation
of Portuguese common lands
(1920s-mid 1950s)

7

Rural development schemes
in French Morocco
(1920s-1956)

8

Fascist land reforms and reclamations in the Pontine-Marshes
(1922-1943)

9

Fascist land reforms and reclamations in the Apulian tableland
(1922-1943)

10

Soviet collectivization of the countryside in Ukraine
(1944/45-1991)

11

Agricultural new settlements in Tripolitania, Italian Libya
(1922-1947)

12

Francoist colonisation of the
Ebro and Tagus valleys
(1930s-1975)

13

Francoist colonisation of the
Ebro and Tagus valleys
(1930s-1975)

MODERNIST RURAL LANDSCAPES

MODSCAPES explores rural landscapes produced by large-scale agricultural development and colonisation schemes planned in the 20th century. This transnational research project investigates 11 case studies across Europe and beyond.

… BUT WHO EVER HEARD ABOUT ‘MODERNIST’ RURAL LANDSCAPES?

At first sight, there is a contradiction between ‘modernist’ and ‘rural’. Yet throughout the 20th century, many European States imagined, adopted and implemented large scale development and agricultural schemes to modernise the countryside: parliamentary as well as fascist regimes, socialist republics or colonial powers. Today, there are thousands of modernist farms, hamlets, villages and towns in Europe and beyond, where several million inhabitants live or have lived.

Modernist rural development schemes were pivotal to Nation- and State-building policies, and to the modernization of the countryside. They provided a testing ground for the ideas of scientists, architects, engineers, planners, landscape architects and artists, who converged around a shared challenge.

A TRANSNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECT

MODSCAPES aims to explore, document, and raise awareness around this largely underestimated shared cultural heritage, which has seldom been the topic of international and interdisciplinary research.

MODSCAPES introduces the concept of landscapes as a unifying paradigm between tangible (the built environment) and intangible legacies (the related cultural and sociopolitical contexts) to bridge the gap between research, practice and policies through a trans-disciplinary approach.

Note
ADCP: Agricultural Development and Colonization Schemes
ADCS: Agricultural Development and Colonization Policies
MRL: Modernist Rural Landscapes

Duration: September 30th 2016 – September 30th 2019

  • Documenting ADCP/ADCS

    What was debated and planned?

  • Physical Legacies

    What was realized and what remains of the ADCP/ADCS?

  • Sociocultural Impacts

    What were the broader impacts of ADCP/ADCS/MRL?

  • Memories & Perceptions

    How do people see the schemes and policies today?

  • Change & Challenges

    What should be done?

RECENT ACTIVITY