Alexandra Cardoso (ESAP-CEAA Centro de Estudos Arnaldo Araújo)
Alexandra Trevisan (ESAP-Escola Superior Artística do Porto)
Rute Figueiredo (ESAP-CEAA Centro de Estudos Arnaldo Araújo)
Maria Helena Maia (ESAP-Escola Superior Artística do Porto)
Rural Housing as Field of Modernist Experiences
The Portuguese proposal to CIAM X (Dubrovnik 1956) was focused on the issue of rural planning. A new village was established among a set of existing ones, working as a structural core. The vernacular influence was clearly present through the images of Trás-os-Montes (Survey on Portuguese Regional Architecture) used as a reference source for the new house typology. In addition to the vernacular, one can also identify modern references, in both Portugal and Spain, within the scope of internal colonization in the 20th century, regarding the settlement of the Portuguese agricultural colonies (1920s-mid1950s) and the pueblos in Spain (1940s-1971), which had significance for the contemporary countryside image. Considering “the evolutive house” of the Portuguese proposal in CIAM X, or the modular solutions of the colonization settlements, one can find examples lying between the trendy and those in rooted architectural culture. In this paper, we analysed the rural 20th century housing idea present in the internal Iberian colonization settlements and in the ideological and political context under the dictatorial regimes. Using a comparative method, two case studies were examined in order to identify and abstract through cross-referencing main rural directions in the different Iberian contexts, and to frame common factors or different experiences, in the application of the planning schemes in both settlement and housing attributes.