Emanuela Margione (Politecnico di Milano)
Making a Literature Review and a Critical Bibliography About the Case Study of New Towns in Agro Pontino
This literature review intends to focus on how the new settlements system of Agro Pontino, newly designed in a geographic area contiguous to the capital city and directly connected to the integral reclamation project elaborated by the agricultural economist Arrigo Serpieri starting from 1923, is narrated.
The reclamation of Agro Pontino is one of the most important territorial transformation carried out by Fascism under direct public control. Also, this case study is particularly significant due to the relationship between the capital city, Rome, as large urban centre, the new medium size cities, the villages and the morphological structure of agricultural holdings, into a historical context where the concept of agricultural property is defined. That’s why today we have an enormous number of books, paper and documents written in different historical period that can help us to understand the evolution of the Italian’s New Towns. But at the same time the high number of these information can also make it difficult the understanding of the project and its meaning through the time. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explain how to draft a critical bibliography able to show the evolution of the reclamation project and the construction of new towns and the changing in time of its meaning. Also, thanks to this bibliography it’s possible to extract the main issues related to the Italian case study as the relationship between the existing landscape and the network of roads; the relationship between the plans for villages, towns and the architectural features of the new settlements, and at the end, the role of public buildings as a system of public facilities promoting new behaviours patterns, and their bold modernist architecture symbolized the conquest of the land.