Constance Ringon (École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Toulouse – ENSA Toulouse)
Towards the Contemporary Development of Modern Architecture Inherited from the Fascist Regime.
The City of Sabaudia.
The creation of the city of Sabaudia falls under the context of the sanitation of the Pontine Marshes, carried out by the Italian fascist regime. It responds to the organization of a rural territory, previously non-exploitable.
This symposium explores the «reinvention» of Sabaudia, through the reconsideration of its plan and its buildings from the 1970s. The recent conservation practices, preservation and restoration of this modern inheritance will be studied. Indeed, a lack of knowledge led to the modification or the destruction of some buildings. We will review how these attempts to consider the legacies of Italian history were met with refusal in the 1970s and 1980s compared to 2000s, when heritage-making policy was enacted to promote the city.
The political question resurfaces here: is patrimonialization allowed to give to these architectures, resulting from a totalitarian regime, a recognition incompatible with their political origin?
The presentation of some renovation/restoration operations will highlight several questions regarding the modern aesthetics, the relation to landscape, uses and techniques.