The new rural settlements funded under fascism in colonial Libya. A Town Planning Archetype, a Theatre for the Fascist Power, or the obvious Answer to Local Urban Requirements? by Vittoria Capresi
The lecture, will be held on January 12th 2017 and integrates the 2016-17 talks, organized each year by the CEAA in collaboration with the Master of Architecture of ESAP.
The presentation abstract:
The lecture will focus on the newly funded rural settlements in colonial Libya, built under the Italian fascist regime.
Between 1934 and 1940 Mussolini accomplished a program of internal colonisation of the colony by realising 28 new settlements along the coast, where around 30.000 Italian farmers were dislocated.
The schemes adopted to realise those centres are following a similar pattern, where the central square, the piazza, became the focus of the design.
In which way is the piazza a design archetype? Is it possible to affirm that those villages are only a “theatre” for the fascist power? How different was the way people used those spaces from the planned one?